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One can think of UT1 as being a time determined by the rotation of the Earth, over which we have no control, whereas UTC is a human invention.  It is relatively easy to manufacture highly precise clocks that keep UTC, while the only "clock" keeping UT1 precisely is the Earth itself.  Nevertheless, it is desirable that our civil time scale not be very different from the Earth's time, so, by international agreement, UTC is not permitted to differ from UT1 by more than 0.9 second.  When it appears that the difference between the two kinds of time may approach this limit, a one-second change called a "leap second" is introduced into UTC.  This occurs on average about once every year to a year and a half.  Greenwich Mean Time is a widely used historical term, however, due to ambiguity, its use is no longer recommended in technical contexts.

Daylight Savings

UTC does not change with a change of seasons; however, local time or civil time may change if a time zone jurisdiction observes daylight saving time or summer time.  For example, UTC is 5 hours ahead of local time on the east coast of the United States during the winter but 4 hours ahead during the summer.